The Highlands of Scotland may be wild lands, and should appear to have extra mountains – including the UK’s highest mountain, Ben Nevis – than people. Nonetheless, the region oozes history, with a excessive focus of the nation’s castles, a lot of which have been affectionately restored. Many were originally the family homes of a few of Scotland’s most famous clans, while others were vital to the struggles for energy that occurred by manner of the centuries.
Cawdor Fort, Nairn
Though thought to have been built within the mid 1400’s, it has since been confirmed that this four-storey tower home that has belonged to the Clan Calder was in actual fact constructed in the 14th century. Those accustomed to Shakespeare’s Macbeth will know the Thane of Cawdor as the main character in that play, regardless that it was constructed many years after the play’s occasions took place. The castle is claimed by many to be one of the crucial romantic in the Highlands. The fort renown for its beautiful gardens, including a seventeenth Century walled garden, 18th Century flower garden and altogether extra modern 1960’s wild backyard, in addition to a wooden with plentiful species of timber and a incredible assortment of nicely over 100 species of lichen.
Dunrobin Castle, Golspie, Sutherland
Well known for its spectacular collection of furnishings and paintings, exterior French-influenced architecture, a pyramid-shaped roof protecting the doorway and Versailles-fashion gardens, Dunrobin Fortress is short solely of completely spectacular. With 189 rooms, it the largest house in the northern Highlands and, relationship back to 1401, is one in every of UK’s oldest, continuously lived-in houses within the UK. Originally a small, sq. hold with windows trying over a cliff, the fortress was primarily for defence. It was first enlarged together with the addition of a large home and courtyard within the 1600’s, after which again in 1785 beneath the ownership of the 2nd Duke of Sutherland, possibly because of the need to accommodate his eight children. When used as a naval hospital in the course of the First World War, the interior was damaged extensively by fire.
Castle of Mey, Thurso, Caithness
The 16th century, 38-roomed, Z-plan styled Citadel of Mey is essentially the most northerly inhabited castle on the British mainland, and is most well-known for being used as an officers’ relaxation dwelling through the Second World Conflict II, but maybe more so as the only property HM The Queen Mother owned personally, purchasing it in 1952. The fort was enlarged several instances throughout each the seventeenth and 18th centuries. She spent many summer and autumn months there during the latter half of the 20th Century, last visiting in October of 2001 at 101 years young. It is vitally much a ‘time capsule’ of the 1950’s, because the Queen Mother stored it very a lot as she bought it. The citadel has two wonderful gardens, including a substantial fruit and vegetables patch, all very much influenced by the Queen Mom’s adoration for gardening. Unusually, an animals centre was opened on the property in 2007 the place families can enjoy meeting ducks, sheep, donkeys, piglets, rabbits, and chicks.
Eilean Donan Citadel, Dornie
Eilean Donan Citadel have to be of the most photographed monuments of all in Scotland. It not only features in one of many BBC’s pre-programme identification clips, however has appeared in lots of movies over time, together with, amongst others, The Private Lifetime of Sherlock Holmes, Highlander, The World Is Not Enough and Monty Python and the Holy Grail. It sits on a small island connected to the mainland by a footbridge, and has been renovated on several occasions. The 13th Century noticed the first defensive structure on the island, having been built for Alexander II in 1220 to carry back the Vikings. The ruination of the fort occurred in 1719 as soon as the Royal Navy recaptured it from the occupying Spaniards, and it lay in ruins for 200 years till 1911. It underwent a 20-yr restoration as well as reopened in 1932.
Fortress Tioram, Acharacle, Moidart
Though a destroy since 1715, Citadel Tioram was possibly the longest below building in the Highlands. The original defensive curtain wall was built within the 1200’s, while the main citadel was constructed within the 300 years spanning the 15th, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It had a couple of colourful ownerships, essentially the most notable being its passing from the Clan MacDonald to the Clan Allan and back a quantity of occasions from 1692 until it was set on fire in 1715 and abandoned. The citadel, despite being a break, is maybe essentially the most significant as an icon for the “Lordships of the Isles”. It may be reached throughout low tide when the grounds will be visited.
The breathtaking scenery of the Scottish Highlands, mentioned to be amongst the perfect in Europe, makes the region a should to visit. The castle settings you can see will not only amaze, however the history and heritage behind these magnificent constructions may also fascinate.